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Publications

We are dedicated to advancing the frontiers of knowledge in our respective fields and sharing our findings with the broader research community. We regularly publish our research and insights in a variety of formats, including academic journals, conference proceedings, books, and reports.

Performance analysis of P-wave detection algorithms for a community-engaged earthquake early warning system – a case study of the 2022 M5.8 Cook Strait earthquake

Chandrakumar, C., Tan, M.L., Holden, C., Stephens, M.T., Prasanna, R.

New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics

Can a P-wave detection algorithm enhance the performance of an Earthquake Early Warning System (EEWS), particularly in community-engaged networks of low-cost ground motion sensors susceptible to noise? If so, what P-wave detection algorithm would perform the best? This study analyses the performance of four different P-wave detection algorithms using a community-engaged Earthquake Early Warning (EEW) network. The ground motion data from a 48-hour time window around a M5.8 earthquake on 22 September 2022 were used as the basis for this case study, where false and missed detections were analysed for each P-wave detection algorithm. The results indicate that a wavelet transformation-based P-wave picker is the most suitable algorithm for detecting an earthquake with minimal missed and false detections for a community-engaged EEWS. Our results show that a citizen seismology-based EEWS is capable of detecting events of interest to EEW when selecting an appropriate earthquake detection algorithm. The study also suggests future research areas for community-engaged EEWSs, including dynamically changing P-wave detection thresholds and improving citizen seismologists’ user experience and involvement.

Publication List

2024


Harrison, S.E., Tan, M.L., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H. (2024). Social media use by multiple stakeholders and rightsholders during the Fort McMurray wildifres. In S. Feldmann-Jensen, S.J. Jensen, J. Slick (Eds.), Case Studies in Disaster Response, Disaster and Emergency Management: Case Studies in Adaptation and Innovation. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809526-3.00015-4


Ahangama, N., Prasanna R. (2024). A case of flood response in Sri Lanka: Surviving floods through social capital and situational leadership. In S. Feldmann-Jensen, S.J. Jensen, J. Slick (Eds.), Case Studies in Disaster Response, Disaster and Emergency Management: Case Studies in Adaptation and Innovation. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809526-3.00015-4

2023

Chandrakumar, C., Tan, M. L., Holden, C., Stephens, M. T., & Prasanna, R. (2023). Performance analysis of P-wave detection algorithms for a community-engaged earthquake early warning system – a case study of the 2022 M5.8 Cook Strait earthquake. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/00288306.2023.2284276

Tan, M. L., Brown, A., Stock, K., Becker, J. S., Kenney, C., Lambie, E., Cui, A., Prasanna, R. (2023). “Balancing human needs with technology” – a design-led approach for exploring an earthquake early warning system in Aotearoa New Zealand. In S. M. van Manen, K. Kremer, T. S. Lin, & R. Ramírez (Eds.), Design for Emergency Management. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003306771-9

Tan, M.L., Vinnell, L.J., Valentin, A.P.M., Prasanna, R., Becker, J.S. (2023). The public's perception of an earthquake early warning system: A study on factors influencing continuance intention. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2023.104032

Vinnell, L. J., Tan, M. L., Prasanna, R., & Becker, J. S. (2023) Knowledge, perceptions, and behavioural responses to earthquake early warning in Aotearoa. Frontiers in Communicationhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2023.1229247

Algiriyage, N., Prasanna, R., Stock, K., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2023). DEES: a real-time system for event extraction from disaster-related web text. Social Network Analysis and Mining. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13278-022-01007-2

 

Gober, M., Christel, I., Hoffman, D., Mooney, C.J., Rodriquez, L., Becker, N., Ebert, E.E., Fearnley, C., Fundel, V.J., Grieger, T., Golding, B., Jeurig, J., Kelman, I., Kox, T., Magro, F-A., Perrels, A., Postigo, J.C., Potter, S.H., Robbins, J., Rust, H., Schoster, D., Tan, M.L., Taylor, A., and William, H.  (2023). Enhancing the value of weather and climate services in society - identified gaps and needs as outcomes of the 1st WMO WWRP/SERA “Weather and Society” Conference. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-22-0199.1

2022

 

Algiriyage, N., Prasanna, R., Stock, K., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2022). Multi-source Multimodal Data and Deep Learning for Disaster Response: A Systematic Review. SN Computer Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42979-021-00971-4

 

Becker, J.S., Vinnell, L.J., McBride, S.K., Nakayachi, K., Doyle, E.E.H., Potter, S.H., and Bostrom, A. (2022). The effects of earthquake experience on intentions to respond to earthquake early warnings. Frontiers in Communication. https://doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2022.857004

  

Chandrakumar, C., Prasanna, R., Stephens, M. (2022). An ecosystem of low-cost sensors toward earthquake early Warning: An earthquake early warning system with multi-sensor capability. QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting, Napier, New Zealand. [PDF]

 

Chandrakumar, C., Prasanna, R., Stephens, M., Tan, M.L. (2022). Earthquake early warning systems based on low-cost ground motion sensors: A systematic literature review. Frontiers in Sensors. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsens.2022.1020202

  

Chandrakumar, C., Prasanna, R., Stephens, M., Tan, M.L., Holden, H., Punchihewa, A., Becker, J.S., Jeong, S., Ravishan, D. (2022). Algorithms for Detecting P-Waves and Earthquake Magnitude Estimation: Initial Literature Review Findings. Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022. https://idl.iscram.org/files/chanthujanchandrakumar/2023/2488_ChanthujanChandrakumar_etal2023.pdf

 

Dassanayake, S.M., Mahakalanda, I., Sanjula, D.M.R., Dissanayake, R., Pasan, M., Gunathunga, I., Thilina, N.K.G., Jayasooriya, P., Prageeth, R.M., Rathnayake, S., Jayawardena, C.L., Prasanna, R. (2022). Geospatial Impact Analytics of Hydrometeorological Hazards: A Study on Urban and Suburban Floods in Sri Lanka using Online Textual Data. Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022. https://idl.iscram.org/files/smdassanayake/2023/2489_S.M.Dassanayake_etal2023.pdf

 

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D.  (2022). Identifying the Impact-Related Data Uses and Gaps for Hydrometeorological Impact Forecasts and Warnings. Weather, Climate, and Society. https://doi.org/10.1175/WCAS-D-21-0093.1

 

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D.  (2022). ‘Sharing is caring’: A socio-technical analysis of the sharing and governing of hydrometeorological hazard, impact, vulnerability, and exposure data in Aotearoa New Zealand. Progress in Disaster Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2021.100213

 

Holden, C. (2022). Engaging with end-users towards an earthquake early warning system for New Zealand. QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting, Napier, New Zealand. [PDF]

 

Hong, B., Chandrakumar, C., Ravishan, D., Prasanna, R., (2022). A Peer-to-Peer Communication Method for Distributed Earthquake Early Warning Networks: Preliminary Findings. Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022. https://idl.iscram.org/files/benjaminhong/2023/2485_BenjaminHong_etal2023.pdf

 

Huggins, T.J., Tan, M. L., Kuo, Y., Prasanna, R., Rea, D.D.  (2022). Online learning adoption by Chinese university students during the Covid-19 pandemic. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. https://trauma.massey.ac.nz/issues/2022-IS/AJDTS_26_IS_Huggins.pdf

 

Jayasinghe, K., Wijesinghe, C., Wijethilake, C., Prasanna, R.  (2022). Collaborative public service provision archetypes in healthcare emergencies: a case of COVID-19 administration in Sri Lanka. Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/JPBAFM-12-2020-0191

 

Jayasiri, G.P., & Prasanna, R. (2022). Citizen Science for supporting Disaster Management Institutions in Sri Lanka. Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022. https://idl.iscram.org/files/gpjayasiri/2023/2482_G.P.Jayasiri+RajPrasanna2023.pdf

 

Prasanna, R., Chandrakumar, C., Nandana, R., Holden, C., Punchihewa, A., Becker, J.S., Jeong, S., Liyanage, N., Ravishan, D., Sampath, R., Tan, M.L. (2022). Saving precious seconds: A low-cost earthquake early warning system for Aotearoa, New Zealand. QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting, Napier, New Zealand. [PDF]

 

Prasanna, R., Chandrakumar, C., Nandana, R., Holden, C., Punchihewa, A., Becker, J.S., Jeong, S., Liyanage, N., Ravishan, D., Sampath, R., Tan, M.L.  (2022). “Saving precious seconds”—A novel approach to implementing a low-cost earthquake early warning system with node-level detection and alert generation. Informatics. https://doi.org/10.3390/informatics9010025

 

Tan M.L., Prasanna, R., Cui, A., Chandrakumar, C., Imtiaz, S.Y., Hong, B., Viggers, Z. (2022). CRISiSLab Challenge: Hands-on learning with Raspberry Shake seismometers. QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting, Napier, New Zealand. [PDF]

 

Tan M.L., Vinnell, L., Prasanna, R., Becker, J.S. (2022). The public’s initial insights on the Android Earthquake Alerts in Aotearoa New Zealand. QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting, Napier, New Zealand. [PDF]

 

Tan, M.L., Becker, J.S., Stock, K., Prasanna, R., Brown. A., Kenney, C., Cui, A., Lambie, E.  (2022). Understanding the social aspects of earthquake early warning: A literature review. Frontiers in Communication. https://doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2022.939242

 

Tan, M.L., Hoffmann, D., Ebert, E., Cui, A., Johnston, D., (2022). Exploring the potential role of citizen science in the warning value chain for high impact weather. Frontiers in Communication. https://doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2022.949949

 

Tan, M.L., Senaweera, O., Gunwardana, A., Rasith, M., Suaib, M., Shanthakumar, T., Hisham, M. (2022). New Zealand COVID Tracer App: Understanding Usage and User Sentiments. Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022. https://idl.iscram.org/files/marionlaratan/2023/2483_MarionLaraTan_etal2023.pdf

 

Velivela, V., Raj, C., Tiwana, M.S., Prasanna, R., Samarawickrama, M., Prasad, M. (2022). The Effectiveness of Social Media Engagement Strategy on Disaster Fundraising. Proceedings of the ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference 2022. https://idl.iscram.org/files/vivekvelivela/2023/2496_VivekVelivela_etal2023.pdf

 

Vinnell, L.J., Doyle, E.E.H., Inch, P., Tan, M.L., Becker, J.S., Johnston, D.J. (2022). Evacuation behavior and information needs of Wellington, Aotearoa New Zealand residents Following the 5 March 2021 Mw 7.3 East Cape Earthquake. Seismological Research Letters. https://doi.org/10.1785/0220210286

2021

 

Ahangama, N., & Prasanna, R (2021). Micro-theory on knowledge transfer to foster disaster resilience: A grounded theory approach. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102569

 

Algiriyage, N., Prasanna, R., Stock, K., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D., Punchihewa, M., Jayawardhana, S. (2021). Towards Real-time Traffic Flow Estimation using YOLO and SORT from Surveillance Video Footage. ISCRAM 2021 Conference Proceedings – 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. https://idl.iscram.org/files/nilanialgiriyage/2021/2311_NilaniAlgiriyage_etal2021.pdf

 

Algiriyage, N., Sampath, R., Prasanna, R., Stock, K., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2021). Identifying Disaster-related Tweets: A Large-Scale Detection Model Comparison. ISCRAM 2021 Conference Proceedings – 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. https://idl.iscram.org/files/nilanialgiriyage/2021/2368_NilaniAlgiriyage_etal2021.pdf

 

Brown, A., Parkin, T., Tan, M. L., Prasanna, R., Becker, J., Stock, K., Kenney, C., & Lambie, E. (2021). An earthquake early warning system for Aotearoa New Zealand? Community engagement findings 2020–2021. Massey University Online Repository. http://hdl.handle.net/10179/16735

 

Goded, T., Tan, M. L., Becker, J. S., Horspool, N., Canessa, S., Huso, R., Johnston, D. M. (2021). Using citizen data to understand earthquake impacts: Aotearoa New Zealand's earthquake Felt Reports. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. https://www.massey.ac.nz/~trauma/issues/2021-3/AJDTS_25_3_Goded.pdf

 

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D.  (2021). ‘Where oh where is the data?‘: Identifying data sources for hydrometeorological impact forecasts and warnings in Aotearoa New Zealand. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102619

 

Huggins, T. J., Yang, L., Zhang, J., Tan, M. L., Prasanna, R. (2021). Psychological Effects of Dominant Responses to Early Warning Alerts. International Journal of Ambient Computing and Intelligence. http://doi.org/10.4018/IJACI.2021070101

 

Imtiaz, SY., Uma, SR., Prasanna, R., Wotherspoon, LM. (2021). ‘End to end’ linkage structure for integrated impact assessment of infrastructure networks under natural hazards. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering. https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.54.2.153-162

 

Jayawardene, V., Huggins, TJ., Prasanna, R.,  Fakhruddin, B. (2021). The role of data and information quality during disaster response decision-making. Progress in Disaster Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2021.100202

 

Squance, H., Macdonald, C., Stewart, C., Prasanna, R., Johnston, D.M.  (2021). Strategies for implementing a one welfare framework into emergency management. Animals. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11113141

 

Tan M.L., Brown, A., Prasanna, R., Becker, J., Stock, K., Kenney, C., Cui, A., Lambie, E., Parkin, T., Reade, A., Tobin, A., Law, M. (2021). An earthquake early warning system for Aotearoa New Zealand? QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting, Online, New Zealand. [PDF]

 

Tan, M. L., Prasanna, R., Becker, J. S., Brown, A., Kenney, C., Lambie, E., Johnston, D. M., Stock, K., De Alwis, D. (2021). Outlook for earthquake early warning for Aotearoa New Zealand : Insights from initiating a community-of-practice. 2021 Annual Technical Conference for the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering. https://repo.nzsee.org.nz/handle/nzsee/2350

 

Tan, M.L., Leonard, G.L., Johnston, D.M.  (2021). Hawke's Bay Regional Alerting Systems Review. Disaster Research Science Report. https://www.hbemergency.govt.nz/assets/Documents/Reporting/Massey-University-Report-HB-Regional-Alerting-Systems-Review-DSR-Report-2021-4.pdf

 

Vinnell, L. J., Becker, J. S., Scolobig, A., Johnston, D. M., Tan, M. L., McLaren, L.  (2021). Citizen science initiatives in high-impact weather and disaster risk reduction. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. https://trauma.massey.ac.nz/issues/2021-3/AJDTS_25_3_Vinnell.pdf

2020

 

Algiriyage, N., Prasanna, R., Doyle, EEH., Stock, K., Johnston, D. (2020). Traffic Flow Estimation based on Deep Learning for Emergency Traffic Management using CCTV Images. ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. https://idl.iscram.org/files/nilanialgiriyage/2020/2211_NilaniAlgiriyage_etal2020.pdf

 

Becker, J. S., Potter, S. H., Prasanna, R., Tan, M. L., Payne, B. A., Holden, C., Horspool, N., Smith, R., Johnston, D. M.  (2020). Scoping the potential for earthquake early warning in Aotearoa New Zealand: A sectoral analysis of perceived benefits and challenges. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101765

 

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H.,  Johnston, D.  (2020). Volunteered Geographic Information for people-centred severe weather early warning: A literature review. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. https://www.massey.ac.nz/~trauma/issues/2020-1/AJDTS_24_1_Harrison.pdf

 

Huggins, T. J., & Prasanna, R (2020). Information technologies supporting emergency management controllers in New Zealand. Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093716

 

Jayasinghe, K., Kenney, C. M., Prasanna, R., Velasquez, J.  (2020). Enacting “accountability in collaborative governance”: lessons in emergency management and earthquake recovery from the 2010–2011 Canterbury Earthquakes. Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management. https://doi.org/10.1108/JPBAFM-09-2019-0143

 

Tan M.L., Prasanna, R., Becker, J., Holden, C., Waidyanatha, N., Punchihewa, A., Jeong, S., Stock, S., Brown, A., Kenney, C., Lambie, E., Nandana, R. (2020). An ongoing project for conceptualising a community-engaged network of low-cost sensors for earthquake early warning in Aotearoa New Zealand. QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting, Nelson, New Zealand. https://hdl.handle.net/10092/101476

 

Tan, M. L., Prasanna, R., Stock, K., Doyle, E. E.H., Leonard, G., Johnston, D.  (2020). Modified Usability Framework for Disaster Apps: A Qualitative Thematic Analysis of User Reviews. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13753-020-00282-x

 

Tan, M. L., Prasanna, R., Stock, K., Hudson-Doyle, E., Leonard, G., Johnston, D.  (2020). Understanding end-users’ perspectives: Towards developing usability guidelines for disaster apps. Progress in Disaster Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100118

 

Tan, M.L., Harrison, S., Becker, J., Doyle, E.E.H, Prasanna, R (2020). Research Themes on Warnings in Information Systems Crisis Management Literature. ISCRAM 2020 Conference Proceedings – 17th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. https://idl.iscram.org/files/marionlaratan/2020/2299_MarionLaraTan_etal2020.pdf

 

Tan, M.L., Prasanna, R., Stock, K., Doyle, E.E.H., Leonard, G., Johnston, D. (2020). Usability factors influencing the continuance intention of disaster apps: A mixed-methods study. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101874

 

Uma, S.R., Syed, Y., Sapthala, K., Prasanna. R.  (2020). Modelling interdependencies of critical infrastructure network recovery using a decision support system. GNS Science Report. https://shop.gns.cri.nz/sr_2020-18-pdf/

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